August 23, 2019
We, the undersigned investors, are writing to provide comments to the public review draft of the Equator Principles (EP4) released in June 2019 and represent $2.92 trillion assets under management or advisement.
We support the increased emphasis on respecting human rights in EP4. In line with that commitment we recommend that EP4 be strengthened to recognize that Indigenous Peoples have a fundamental right to provide or withhold their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) as set out in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), and this right exists in all countries – Designated or Non-Designated. We also recommend that UNDRIP be specifically referenced in EP4.
We commend the Equator Principles Association (EPA) for providing the opportunity to submit comments on the consultation draft of EP4. Many of the undersigned investors also co-signed an October 2017 investor statement to the EPA (see attached). It contained recommendations to improve EP III, the current version of the Equator Principles, to ensure that Equator Principles Financial Institutions (EPFIs), have the tools necessary to address the pressing environmental and human rights challenges facing today’s financial institutions. It was prompted, in part, by the Dakota Access Pipeline controversy where 13 of the 17 banks that financed the project were then signatories to the Equator Principles (EPs). In addition, we support the Equator Principles’ reflection of the important implications of the Paris Agreement and the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosure recommendations with the enhancements in EP4 to the Preamble and Principle 2, introducing a Climate Change Risk assessment which includes the evaluation of physical and transition risks.
We support the increased focus on respecting human rights as evidenced by the inclusion in the Preamble to EP4 of the statement that EPFIs will “fulfill their responsibility to respect Human Rights in line with the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs).” While the enhancements to EP4 partially address this ambition, they fall short of providing a strong, global standard for social and environmental risk assessment in the financial sector that protects the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. EP4 does not presently align with UNDRIP, the international standard for Indigenous Peoples Rights, nor does it meet the goal of alignment with the UNGPs set out in the preamble. As a result, EP4 does not provide EPFIs with a sufficiently robust and coherent risk management framework to ensure human rights and the rights of Indigenous Peoples are protected in reviewed transactions, which could ultimately cause future reputational risk and harm for EPFIs and the projects they finance. Corporate projects can experience costly delays and disruptions when proper consultations with Indigenous communities have not been undertaken, and their valid consent has not been obtained.
We believe the following recommendations would strengthen EP4 and address some of the concerns investors have previously raised:
- Principle 3, Applicable Environmental and Social Standards: EP4 perpetuates an unhelpful distinction between Designated and non-Designated Countries. While we acknowledge the additional guidance in EP4 that EPFIs can choose to implement specific performance standards in Designated Countries based on the project circumstances, the discretion built into this approach means that a future project like the Dakota Access Pipeline could still run into the exact same problems. We urge the EPA to ensure the same rigorous environmental and social expectations are applied to projects in all jurisdictions. Specifically, Principle 5, with the inclusion of a strengthened commitment to FPIC, should apply in all instances where EPFIs are considering financing related to a project that may impact Indigenous Peoples or their culture, lands, territories or resources.
- Principle 5, Stakeholder Consultation: We recommend the adoption of a strengthened Option 2. While neither option presented addresses Indigenous Peoples’ right to FPIC as it is enumerated in UNDRIP, Option 2 comes the closest and is much preferred over Option 1. Option 1 conflates consultation with consent and is weaker than the existing standard set by the International Finance Corporation. Option 2, by contrast, does require demonstration of actual FPIC. However, this expectation, as drafted, does not apply to the full scope of circumstances envisioned in UNDRIP and fails to account for the ongoing relational nature of FPIC over the lifetime of a project. The draft EP4’s current options for FPIC do not remedy the gaps that led to the controversy surrounding the Dakota Access Pipeline – the event which prompted the revisions to the Equator Principles in the first place. We recommend that a more robust Option 2 be adopted which clearly reflects the approach to FPIC set out in UNDRIP and that UNDRIP be referenced in the Equator Principles.
- Principle 6, Grievance Mechanism: Investors recommended in 2017 that the EPs establish a robust and effective grievance mechanism through which EPFIs can facilitate the resolution of adverse human rights impacts resulting from possible breaches of the applicable environmental and social standards. The essential components for such grievance mechanism are set out in Principles 29-31 of the UNGPs. The grievance mechanism in EP4 does not meet the effectiveness criteria for grievance mechanisms articulated in the UNGPs. We recommend further revision to the mechanism to align with those criteria; and,
- Principle 10, Reporting and Transparency: Disclosure on human rights due diligence is a core component of adherence to the UNGPs and a critical tool for investors and other stakeholders to understand the scope and content of the due diligence conducted. EP4 does not add any new transparency requirement around human rights or Indigenous Peoples’ rights nor does it provide any specificity regarding the application of the existing reporting requirements to human rights and Indigenous Peoples’ rights. We recommend the EP4 reporting expectations be revised to align with the standards laid out in the UNGPs. Specifically, reporting should include information on how EPFIs identify and address human rights impacts in their risk assessment process and the actions they have taken to provide remedy where they have caused or contributed to adverse human rights impacts.
In conclusion, we are encouraged that the Equator Principles Association is helping its members improve how they handle environmental and social risks in project finance. We recommend that EP4 be strengthened to recognize the right of Indigenous Peoples to FPIC regardless of jurisdiction and to fully align with the UNGPs.
We welcome the opportunity to discuss our concerns and recommendations further with the Equator Principles Association and its signatory banks and financial institutions in the coming months. Should you wish to speak with investors signatories to this letter please contact Steven Heim, Managing Director of Boston Common Asset Management, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
See the list of signatories as of August 23, 2019